AGH

Speciality


Surface engineering is a sub-discipline of Materials Science, which attend with the properties of solid surfaces. It culls on expertise from disciplines such as physics, quantum mechanics, chemistry, physical chemistry of surfaces, mechanical engineering, tribology and electrical engineering.

Surface Engineering is investigating change in the surface properties of interphase boundaries, because important is to reduce their degradation. The wide topics that represent the diverse surface engineering technologies include:
- electroplating,
- microscopic observation,
- nanotechnology,
- analysis of materials properties,
- testing of surface wear mechanisms,
- surface enrichment,
- designing of new surface layers and coatings.

Surface engineering techniques are used in the automotive, aerospace, energy, electronics, biomedical, textile, petroleum, petrochemical, chemical, civil and military industires. They are also used to develop a wide range of functional properties of the layers, including physical, chemical, electrical, electronic, magnetic, mechanical, wear resistance and corrosion resistance. Almost all types of materials, including metals, ceramics, cermets, polymers and composites can be coated with this same or different kind of materials. It is also possible to produce coatings with a completely new and unique chemical compositions.

In recent years, there has been a drastic shift of paradigm in Surface Engineering. It began to relinquish from electroplating techniques for exerting the vacuum, diffusion, spraying and welding techniques by using advanced heat sources such as plasma, laser, ions, electrons, electric arc, friction and electromagnetic induction.

Surface Engineering is also beginning to relinquish from the typical surface's enrichment to creating and designing a new kind of materials. It happened, because the techniques previously used for coating are ideally for the production of very novel materials. The couple of this materials can only be produced by methods available in Surface Engineering. One of the best known types of such materials are nanomaterials, graphene, carbon nanotubes, some semiconductors and superconductors.

Surface Engineering as one of the few speciality are offering two successful paths of career. You can find employment in the industry as a designer, engineer, producer of layers, coatings (decorative, technical) and novel materials. The second way is to be a researcher and scientist. Surface Engineering provides a large number of spectral techniques, chemical and microscopic analysis; enable a full range of ascertain their properties.


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